Portugal that has high levels of general unemployment saw the unemployment rate among young people deteriorate alarmingly arriving in the first quarter of 2013 to 42.1%, according to the Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE).
This phenomenon, which has world expression (countries like Greece, Spain and South Africa presented in 2012 youth unemployment rates superior to 50%), can have numerous social and political implications. Source of social unrest, with recent examples in Tunisia and Egypt, this situation of long term unemployment puts these young people in danger of losing their skills, work habits and their connection to their own training area, on a permanent basis. Hence the term "lost generation" arises frequently associated to this issue.
The passage from school to work world, a theme that Prebuild Group has paid special attention to, is quite difficult today and can only be improved by combining the efforts of companies and educational institutions in order to develop the right skills that lead to the creation of real employment opportunities for these young people.
EFFECTIVELY THERE ARE DEFINING MOMENTS FOR THE SUCESS OF THE ENTRY OF YOUNG PEOPLE INTO THE LABOUR MARKET:
1. THE COURSE CHOISE
Young people should be encouraged to choose appropriate courses preparing for available jobs. For that they need to be able to access relevant information enabling them to make the correct choices. At this level, the experience of the Observatório Laboral e Ocupacional da Colômbia deserves attention. It´s a portal (www.observatorio.sena.edu.co) with information on completion rates of courses and of employment of each educational institution but also provides data on the sectors that present new or expansion projects (potential new jobs available soon) at national and regional level. Their undeniable usefulness is proven by the number of annual visits — more than 190.000 in 2012.
2.The access/completion of academic training
The access or completion of university courses is increasingly conditioned by the financial difficulties faced by families. This may mean that many talented young are unable to achieve a college education.
3. Acquisition of relevant skills
An area in which companies should be able to work closely with universities to jointly defining a suitable curriculum, practical and relevant for the different courses. AMTEC, Automotive Manufacturing Technical Education Collaborative, is an excellent example of this. AMTEC founded in 2005 in the USA is the result of collaboration between technical schools and companies in the automotive sector that seek to prepare technicians and engineers highly qualified production to work in technology and automobile manufacturing. For the respective students a certificate of AMTEC is a concrete validation and an effective aid in entering the labour market.